Leibnitz reworked Descartes’s cosmogony. Protogea was published much later in An essay toward a Natural History of the Earth. Woodward came down fairly strongly for the view that the flood was an act of God that could not be accounted for by normal physical processes. He also postulated hydrological sorting to account for the ordering of fossils. Whiston added comets to Burnet’s cosmogony as the source of the waters of the flood. Lectures and Discourse of Earthquakes and Subterranean Eruptions. Hooke believed that the fossils were the remains of extinct species and could not be accounted for by the Flood. Using Descartes’s cosmology, the assumption that the earth was once entirely flooded, and the observation that the sea level was dropping three inches per century near his home, he calculated the age of the earth to be greater than 2 billion years.
Edmund Schulman of the University of Arizona. His dendrochronological studies spanned almost thirty years, of which the last five were spent mostly in the White Mountains. So far, this amazing record from the Bristlecone pines only applies to the southwestern portion of the United States and has become useful also to the field of archaeology where ancient roof beams have been more accurately dated using the tree-ring growth records.
The flood wiped out the giants but shortly after the flood they returned and spread all throughout the Promised Land. As this article will show, not only did the giants return after the flood, they were major enemies of God and His chosen nation, Israel for centuries. There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown.
And God saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually. This brief passage tells a very important origin story. And their children, half-human, half-angelic hybrids, were the Nephilim giants. The idea of angels sleeping with women and having kids is not something that all Christians agree upon, know about or even comfortable with. However, the truth of Christianity is based upon one source:
So suggests new research that tracked changes in two genes thought to help regulate brain growth, changes that appeared well after the rise of modern humans , years ago. That the defining feature of humans — our large brains — continued to evolve as recently as 5, years ago, and may be doing so today, promises to surprise the average person, if not biologists.
Lahn and colleagues examined two genes, named microcephalin and ASPM, that are connected to brain size. If those genes don’t work, babies are born with severely small brains, called microcephaly.
The question of the age of the earth has produced heated discussions on Internet debate boards, TV, radio, in classrooms, and in many churches, Christian colleges, and seminaries. The primary sides are Young-earth proponents (biblical age of the earth and universe of about 6, years)1 Old-earth.
A common misconception about radiocarbon dating is that it gives a precise date B. In actual practice radiocarbon dating can only give a range of dates for a given sample to B. The precision of a radiocarbon date tells how narrow the range of dates is. There are two main factors which determine the precision of a radiocarbon date. The precision of the measurement of the radiocarbon concentration in the sample. Modern accelerator mass spectrometry used for radiocarbon dating purposes to separate radiocarbon atoms from stable carbon atoms and count them is quite precise.
The technology involved is fascinating and impressive. Measurements can be made with a high degree of precision. Aardsma submitted a sample from a reed mat known to be over 5, years old. That is only 1. It should be noted that these measurement uncertainties do not increase linearly as one goes back in time. In Accelerator Mass Spectrometry AMS , for example, the number of radiocarbon atoms in a stream of atoms coming from the sample is counted.
This age is obtained from radiometric dating and is assumed by evolutionists to provide a sufficiently long time-frame for Darwinian evolution. And OE Christians theistic evolutionists see no problem with this dating whilst still accepting biblical creation, see Radiometric Dating – A Christian Perspective. This is the crucial point: Some claim Genesis in particular, and the Bible in general looks mythical from this standpoint.
Guest author, Jon Greene presents an overview of why the Bible supports an old earth interpretation of creation. Contrary to the common perception of young earth creationists, old earth creationists hold a high view of the biblical texts.
The sun, moon, and stars 2. The fish and the birds 3. The fertile earth 6. The land animals and humans 7. Rest and satisfaction In light of these correspondences, Kline interprets days one and four as different perspectives on the same event, and likewise days two and five, and three and six. He concludes that while the creation account is historical, historicity and narrative sequence are not the same thing, so the account need not—indeed, should not—be read as chronological at all.
And, of course, this nicely addresses Origen’s observation that days one, two and three could not be literal days before the sun, moon and stars existed to mark them and it also obviates the anachronistic modern question, relevant to all six days if they are literal, of the time zone by which God measured his evenings and mornings Garden of Eden Standard Time? Of course, Kline’s interpretation can be disputed. For instance, Collins , while recognizing the validity of the parallel structure in the days of creation and appreciating the implication that the precise lengths of time involved and the precise historical ordering of events was not the author’s focus and is not a matter of deep biblical importance, nonetheless resists Kline’s effort to condense the divine “workweek” into three days told from two different perspectives rather than six.
The fourth commandment in Exodus
The Age of the Earth
The Radiometric Dating Game Radiometric dating methods estimate the age of rocks using calculations based on the decay rates of radioactive elements such as uranium, strontium, and potassium. On the surface, radiometric dating methods appear to give powerful support to the statement that life has existed on the earth for hundreds of millions, even billions, of years. We are told that these methods are accurate to a few percent, and that there are many different methods.
We are told that of all the radiometric dates that are measured, only a few percent are anomalous. This gives us the impression that all but a small percentage of the dates computed by radiometric methods agree with the assumed ages of the rocks in which they are found, and that all of these various methods almost always give ages that agree with each other to within a few percentage points.
The Chronology of The Kings of Israel of dating Easter on a very fallible Julian Calendar.4 Julius Caesar needed a reformed calendar for his world empire .
As early as BCE references suggest that the Ketuvim was starting to take shape, although it lacked a formal title. Many scholars believe that the limits of the Ketuvim as canonized scripture were determined by the Council of Jamnia c. Septuagint Fragment of a Septuagint: A column of uncial book from 1 Esdras in the Codex Vaticanus c. The Torah always maintained its pre-eminence as the basis of the canon but the collection of prophetic writings, based on the Nevi’im, had various hagiographical works incorporated into it.
In addition, some newer books were included in the Septuagint, among these are the Maccabees and the Wisdom of Sirach. However, the book of Sirach , is now known to have existed in a Hebrew version, since ancient Hebrew manuscripts of it were rediscovered in modern times. The Septuagint version of some Biblical books, like Daniel and Esther , are longer than those in the Jewish canon. Several reasons have been given for this. First, some mistranslations were claimed.
Second, the Hebrew source texts used for the Septuagint differed from the Masoretic tradition of Hebrew texts, which was chosen as canonical by the Jewish rabbis. After the Protestant Reformation , many Protestant Bibles began to follow the Jewish canon and exclude the additional texts, which came to be called Biblical apocrypha.
How Old Is the Earth?
Red Sea Chariot Wheels! The Bible records that a huge number of Hebrew slaves escaped the wrath of Egypt through the parted waters of the Red Sea. Is there any real proof that the Biblical account of the Exodus actually happened? Chariot Wheels litter the bottom of the Red Sea. Horse bones discovered in the Red Sea off Neweiba Beach.
Many human and horse bones have been recovered from the bottom of the Red Sea.
The Evidences for a Recent Dating for Adam, about 14, to 15, years Before Present. A recent genetic study of human genes related to the brain concluded that possibly there appeared a “microcephalin variant (that) could have arisen anywhere from 14, to 60, years ago” and an “ASPM variant ranged from to 14, years” ago and “roughly correlating with the development of .
Seventy Sevens of Years til the coming of the Messiah The Bible’s bold declaration that it is the divine and protected word of God is supported by any number of amazing, seemingly impossible prophecies and their fulfillments. Matthew 24 Another fine example can be found in the book of Daniel Ch. This was the one that alerted Simeon Luke 2: The Ancient Hebrews did not use decades as they were a Greek invention, they used “weeks” of seven years each.
In Biblical years , days- The Babylonian calendar was predicated on a day year. Secular history provides a concrete record of the day in B. Archives of Persian kings – Encyclopedia Britannica when Artaxerxes gave the commandment to Nehemiah to rebuild Jerusalem, it gave the starting point for Daniel’s countdown to Palm Sunday! Counting it down, we see again from secular history’s records of the Messiah’s triumphant entry into Jerusalem on April 6, 32 A.